Energy System Analysis

Title: Malta-Energy System Analysis

Duration: September 2012-December 2012
Course: Energy and Environment (KTH, Stockholm, Sweden)
Supervisor: Rafael Eduado Guedez Mata (KTH, Stockholm, Sweden)
Adviser and Examiner:

Prof. Mark Howells


The project was aimed to develop an applied model of the energy system of Malta by using LEAP, as a modeling tool. Four different scenarios were developed to analyze the Maltese energy system. The analysis was majorly based on Malta's Renewable Energy potential, energy security as well as vital policy measures such as European Union's (EU) goals to address climate change. Along with these, a voluntarism scenario was developed to incorporate modern day technologies such as Smart Grids.

The results were analyzed to put forth policy recommendations to allow maximum possible renewable energy sources in energy outlook of Malta and minimum GHG emissions.

Modeling tool:

LEAP (Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning system, developed by Stockholm Environment Institute)


  • Business-as-usual scenario: Takes into account the Maltese power system as existing today and projects it into the future based on projections of population and GDP growth from the EU.

  • New policy scenario: This scenario accounts recently announced policies for energy generation and climate mitigation from Maltese government.

  • GHGs reduction scenario: This scenario is built according to the 'climate and energy package' set by the European Union in order to meet its climate and energy targets. These targets also known as '20-20-20 plan' are defined in accordance with Kyoto Protocol and it aims at preventing an increase greater than 2 deg. C of the mean surface temperature.

  • Voluntarism scenario: This scenario was developed with the objectives to reduce the GHG emissions further and to increase the share of renewable energy in Malta's Energy Mix. The modern day technologies such as Smart Grids were considered in the design of this scenario.